Order by EDWARD I. of England, styling himself Lord-Superior of Scotland, declaring JOHN BALIOL the legitimate King of Scotland, and ordering the Castles of Dundee, Forfar, Jedburgh, and Roxburgh to be delivered to him, dated 18th November, 1292.

EDWARDUS, Dei Gratia, Rex Anglie, Dominus Hibernie, Dux Aquitanie, et Superior Dominus Regni Scotie, dilecto et fideli suo BRIANO, filio ALANI, custody castrorum de Forfar, Dunde, Gedeworth, et Rokesburgh, salutem.  Cum JOANNES DE BALLIOLE, nuper in Parliamento nostro, apud Berwick super Twedam, venisset coram nobis et petivisset predictum Regnum Scotie sibi per nos adjudicari, et seisinam ipsius Regni sibi, ut proximiori heredi MARGARETTE filie Regis Norwagie, Domine Scotie, et nepotis quondam ALEXANDRI ultimi Regis Scotie, jure successionis liberari; ac nos auditis et intellectis petitionibus et rationibus tam predicti JOANNES DE BALLIOLE, quam aliorum petentium predictum regnum, et eisdem petitionibus et rationibus diligenter examinatis, invenerimus prefatum JOANNES DE BALLIOLE esse propinquiorem heredem predicte MARGARETTE quoad predictum regnum Scotie optinend. (sic).  Propter quod idem regnum Scotie et seisinam ejusdem eidem JOANNES DE BALLIOLE salvo jure nostro et heredum nostrorum reddidimus.  Vobis mandamus, quod seisinam predictorum castrorum de Forfar, Dunde, Gegeworth, et Rokesburgh, cum omnibus pertinentibus suis, una cum omnibus aliis rebus vobis per cyprografum traditis et secundum in predictorum castrorum vobis commissa custodia vos hujus modi recepistis sine dilatione predicto JOANNES DE BALLIOLE vel attronatis suis has literas deferentibus deliberari faciatis.  In cujus rei testimonium has literas nostras fieri fecimus patentes.  Teste me ipso apud Berwick super Twedam decimo octavo die Novembris anno regni nostro vicesimo (1292).

Ex Rotulis Scotie

 

TRANSLATION OF FOREGOING ORDER OF EDWARD I.

EDWARD, by the Grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Aquitaine, and Lord-Superior of the Kingdom of Scotland, to his beloved and trusty BRIAN, son of ALAN, Governor of the Castles of Forfar, Dundee, Gedworth (Jedburgh), and Roxburgh, greeting. Whereas JOHN DE BALIOL, lately in our Parliament held at Berwick-on Tweed, came before us and petitioned that we should assign him the foresaid Kingdom of Scotland, and have possession of the Kingdom itself delivered up to him by the legal right of succession, as being nearest heir of MARGARET, daughter of the King of Norway, Princess of Scotland, and deceased grand-daughter of the ALEXANDER, last King of Scotland; and having heard and considered the petition and the reasons urged in behalf of the said JOHN DE BALIOL, as well as those of other candidates for the said Kingdom, and having carefully examined the same petitions and reasons, we have found that the said JOHN DE BALIOL is the nearest heir of the said MARGARET as regards the possession of the said Kingdom of Scotland.  We have therefore delivered the same Kingdom of Scotland, and possession of the same, to the said JOHN DE BALIOL, but reserving our own rights and those of our successors; and we command you to cause the possession of the said Castles of Forfar, Dundee, Gedworth, and Roxburgh, with all their pertinent, together with everything else handed over to you, per inventory, and in the same condition as when you received the said Castles into your custody, to be handed over without delay to the said JOHN DE BALIOL, or to his Attorneys bringing these letters.  In testimony whereof we have caused to be issued these our letters patent.  Witness my hand, at Berwick-on-Tweed the eighteenth day of November, in the year of our reign the twentieth (1292).

Transcribed by Caterina Paesano