From the Book of Eminent Burgesses of Dundee 1513 to 1885.

Sir Alexander Bruce of Broomhall - 1st April 1671.

 

AT DUNDEE, QUHILK DAY SIR ALEXANDER BRUCE OF BROOMHALL AND MAGISTER PATRICK LYON, ADVOCATE, WERE ADMITTED BURGESSES OF THE SAID BURGH, GRATIS; EXCEPT THE SAID PATRICK LYON, WHO WAS ADMITTED BURGESS OF THE SAID BURGH BE VERTUE OF His FATHER'S PRIVILEGES.

SIR ALEXANDER BRUCE of Broomhall was the only son of ROBERT BRUCE, LORD BROOMHALL of Session, who was admitted Burgess on 17th May, 1627 (vide page 137). He was Member for Culross in the Parliaments of 1661 3, 1669 74, 1678, and 1685 6, and for Sanquhar from 1692 Till 1702. In 1693 he was appointed joint Receiver General of Supply and Excise, and continued in this office for two years. "When the Act for securing the true Protestant Religion and Presbyterian Government was read a second time, 12th June, 1702, SIR ALEXANDER having said that it contained things inconsistent with the essence of the Monarchy, he was thereupon called to the bar, and not giving satisfaction, he was ordered to withdraw; and the question being put Expell him out of Parliament or not? it carried in the affirmative nem. con., and a warrant was ordered to the Burgh of Sanquhar to elect a new Commissioner in his place" (Douglas' Peerage, Wood's edition, Vol. I, p. 520). Long before this time SIR ALEXANDER had shown himself an avowed opponent of Presbyterianism. The Burgh Records of Culross, under date 7th November, 1678, contain the following suggestive entry:

"The said day Sir Alexr Bruce signified to the town council that he is informed that there are certain disorderly conventicle meittings in and about this burgh and elsewhere, to which certan of their burgesses doeth repair; and therfor desired the magistrates to advert to it, by their tymus proceiding against them, conform to the Act of Parliament ; the which advyce of his they find convenient, and accordingly thinks fitt they be proceidit against ut supra with all expeditione." (Beveridge's Culross and Tulliallan, Vol. L, page 355)

Writing in 1704, MACKAY thus describes SIR ALEXANDER BRUCE in his Memoirs:

" He hath been in and out of the administration all the three reigns of King Charles, King James, and King William; hath spent a vast deal of money, and is always poor; hath a great deal of wit, and was [expelled] for a speech he made against presbytery, and yet hath been on all sides; he hath now a pension from the Queen, and is a very blustering, bold man, of near 70 years old."

When ALEXANDER, third EARL OF KINCARDINE, died unmarried in November, 1705, a plea arose betwixt his sister, LADY MARY COCHRANE, and SIR ALEXANDER BRUCE of Broomhall, with reference to the title, and was ultimately settled in the following year by the vote of the latter being received in Parliament as that of the fourth EARL OF KINCARDINE. He survived long enough to protest against the Union of the Parliaments in 1707, but appears to have deceased shortly afterwards.

He was married to CHRISTIAN, daughter of ROBERT BRUCE of Blairhall, and had four sons and five daughters. Three of the sons were in succession the fifth, sixth, and seventh EARLS OF KINCARDINE. The present EARL OF ELGIN is the lineal descendant of SIR ALEXANDER BRUCE of Broomhall.

SIR PATRICK LYON of Carse was the uncle of the first EARL OF STRATHMORE. He was educated at St Andrews, and became Professor of Philosophy in the Old College there, but afterwards studied for the Law. He passed as advocate on 11th July, 1671, and obtained the appointment of Admiral Depute. He was raised to the Bench as Lord of Session on 10th November, 1683, with the title of LORD CARSE. Four months after he was made a Lord of Justiciary, and continued to sit until he was deprived of office at the Revolution in 1688. His principal literary work was a collection of pedigrees and genealogies of Scottish families, which is now preserved amongst the MSS. in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. There is a portrait of LORD CARSE, painted in 1691, amongst the family portraits at Glamis Castle. SIR PATRICK'S son, PATRICK LYON, was retoured heir to him on 30th October, 1695.