WHICH DAY JAMES, EARL OF BUCHAN, LORD AUCHTERHOUSE AND SOMERVILLE, IS MADE A BURGESS AND BROTHER OF THE GUILD, FOR HIS SERVICES TO THE COMMONWEAL.
JAMES ERSKINE, EARL OF BUCHAN, was the first of the ERSKINE family to bear this very ancient and honourable title. He was the eldest son of JAMES ERSKINE, seventh EARL OF MAR, Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, by his second wife LADY MARY STEWART, daughter of ESME, DUKE OF LENNOX. The Earldom of Buchan had devolved upon MARY DOUGLAS, only daughter of JAMES DOUGLAS, a descendant of the Lochleven family, on the death of her father in 1601, and immediately upon her marriage with JAMES ERSKINE he assumed the title of EARL OF BUCHAN.
At the time of this marriage the COUNTESS was under age, and some difficulty arose as to whether the estates to which she had succeeded could legally carry the title with them to her husband. A Royal Charter was obtained in 1617, conferring the lands upon the COUNTESS and JAMES ERSKINE, and no question as to the right of the ERSKINES to bear the title of EARLS OF BUCHAN has ever been raised.
JAMES ERSKINE was one of the Lords of the Bedchamber to CHARLES I., and spent the most of his time in England.
His principal residence in Scotland was at Auchterhouse Castle, near Dundee, where some of the remains of his architectural improvements may still be seen. The COUNTESS MARY died in 1628, leaving a son, who afterwards succeeded as second (ERSKINE) EARL OF BUCHAN. Her husband survived till 1640. His male line failed with his grandson, and the succession was then diverted to the descendants of his younger brother, HENRY ERSKINE, LORD CARDROSS.